One thing you can say about physics degree requirements is that each university and college has its own spin on the basic curriculum. However, you can see a number of commonalities between them. First, all reputable physics programs require the student to complete a range of general education classes in non-physics related subjects. This helps prepare the student with a broad perspective on the world. This gives them a basis on which to start their advanced studies in physics. As part of their general education, many colleges encourage students to take chemistry classes for their science requirements.
Many physics degree requirements start out with a core set of classes that all physics majors must take and pass with a certain grade. This selection of classes often includes general physics, classic mechanics, modern physics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, beginning quantum physics, and conceptual physics. This gives physics major the core of knowledge necessary for an undergraduate. Many colleges also require their physics students to take a core set of mathematical classes in calculus, differential equations, and multivariate calculus. This core set of mathematical classes gives the students the math basis necessary for the study of physics.
After meeting the core physics degree requirements, many colleges require students to take a certain number of elective courses in physics. This gives the student the opportunity to explore advanced subjects and to explore areas of personal interest. For those that plan on going to graduate school, many colleges recommend certain advanced courses to fulfill the elective requirements. These classes may explore areas of advanced mechanics, solid state, and advanced quantum physics. Some choose to do double majors in mathematics or engineering. There may be other requirements associated with those majors as well.
Besides taking core classes and meeting general education requirements, some colleges have other physics degree requirements. Some require students to prepare for a senior project. Many use this opportunity to create the basis that will become their master's thesis in a couple of years. Each university will lay out the requirements for their students before the student enters the program. It is up to the student, along with their faculty advisor, to come up with the track they take between starting the program and finishing their degree. Careful planning and adjustments along the way makes the college track easier to navigate for everyone.
Meeting physics degree requirements is only the first step in becoming a physicist. You need to have the ability to take what you learn in the classroom and apply it to the real world. Many students take advantage of summer internship programs that allow them to work in a real laboratory or technical research facility. This gives them experience that looks good on their resume and helps them learn how to take theory and make it happen in the real world. Writing is an important skill to conquer since many physicists have to write reports on their findings. After meeting the basic requirements, you would be best suited to expand your skill set into other areas.